Perceived Competence for Recovery Scale (PCRS)


To assess perceived ability to recover from mental illness.
Cook, Grey, Burke-Miller, & Jonikas [can't find anything by this group]
Item Count
General Population

Instrument Citation(s)

Original Perceived Competence for Recovery Scale.

Williams, G.C., Freedman, Z.R., & Deci, E.L. (1998). Supporting autonomy to motivate glucose control in
patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care, 21, 1644-1651.

Williams, G.C., & Deci, E.L. (1996). Internalization of biopsychosocial values by medical students: A test
of self-determination theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 767-779.

Adapted by Cook, J.A., Grey, D.D., Burke-Miller, J.K., & Jonikas, J.A. (2011). Self-directed financing of
services for people with serious mental illness: Purchases made by participants in a self-directed
care program. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics, 14, S5.

Instrument Domains

DomainNumber of Items
Holistic Health and Functioning4
Individual health and functioning4
Health promotion and prevention0
Caregiver Support0
Access to resources0
Family caregiver/natural support involvement0
Family caregiver/natural support wellbeing0
Training and skill-building0
Choice and Control0
Choice of services and supports0
Personal choices and goals0
Personal freedoms and dignity of risk0
Community Inclusion0
Meaningful activity0
Resources and settings to facilitate inclusion0
Social connectedness and relationships0
Consumer Leadership in System Development0
Evidence of meaningful caregiver involvement0
Evidence of meaningful consumer involvement0
System supports meaningful consumer involvement0
Equitable access and resource allocation0
Transparency and consistency0
Fluctuation of Need0
Human and Legal Rights0
Freedom from abuse and neglect0
Informed decision-making0
Optimizing the preservation of legal and human rights0
Supporting individuals in exercising their human and legal rights0
Level of Caregiver Well-Being0
Person-Centered Planning and Coordination0
Person-centered planning0
Service Delivery and Effectiveness0
Person's needs met and goals realized0
System Performance and Accountability0
Data management and use0
Evidence-based practice0
Financing and service delivery structures0
Adequately compensated with benefits0
Culturally competent0
Demonstrated competencies when appropriate0
Person-centered approach to services0
Safety of and respect for the worker0
Staff Turnover0
Sufficient workforce numbers dispersion and availability0
Workforce engagement and participation0